Fermentation. Ahh, where would we be without it? Just to start we would have zero, nada, zip, nothing off the following list:
Bread (especially Soughdough!)
Beer (that’s just a huge one!)
Salami (yup--it’s fermented!)
Kimchi--one of my favorites to make (check out this easy recipe here….https://www.feastingathome.com/how-to-make-kimchi/
The list goes on and on!
Fermented foods are defined as those made through desired microbial growth and enzymatic conversions of food components. Throughout human history, fermentation has served as a way to preserve and process foods. Of course, fermented foods also have unique flavors and textures and other organoleptic properties.
Fermentation processes can be classified based on the microorganisms used in their manufacture, by the primary metabolites these microbes produce, or by the type of food used as the starting material. In general, among the most important microbes are the lactic acid bacteria, as these are used for dairy (cheese and yogurt), vegetable (sauerkraut and kimchi), cereal (sourdough bread), and meat (salami) fermentations. Other bacteria, including those that produce acetic acid and propionic acid, are also important in various foods. The other main group of fermentation microorganisms are the fungi, especially yeasts used for baking, brewing, and wine-making. Also within the fungi are molds that are used in fermented meats and cheese, but also soy sauce, miso and tempeh.
Not all fermented foods contain live cultures. Many food products undergo further processing after fermentation: pasteurization, smoking, baking, or filtering. All of these processes can kill or remove the live microorganisms. Examples of foods that undergo fermentation but do not contain live microorganisms at the time of consumption include soy sauces, most beers and wines, bread, and chocolate.
So why all the hubbub about fermentation? Remember that opening item on the list? Bread? Well, just keep watching this blog to find out more about some pretty cool news coming soon!
-Rock Store Grill